Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical technique utilized to treat various conditions of joints. The most common joints treated are the shoulder, hip, knee, elbow and ankle. Arthroscopy is performed through a few small incisions usually 5-10 mm in length. These incisions are known as portals. One portal is used for the camera and the others are for tools and instruments specially designed for work inside the joint.
Many different conditions can be treated successfully with arthroscopy. However, not all conditions are treated appropriately with arthroscopy and may warrant an open procedure to best treat the patient. The surgeon will determine this based on the type of condition one has.
Arthroscopic surgery is helpful in the diagnosis and treatment of the following conditions:
- Injuries to the shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip, knee, or ankle, such as cartilage tears or ligament injuries
- Synovitis, inflammation of the lining of the joints.
- Removal of loose fragments of bone or cartilage that become lodged in a joint
- Osteoarthritis caused by cartilage loss in a joint
During arthroscopic surgery, either general, spinal, or local anesthesia will be given, depending on the condition. You will be instructed about wound care, activities to be avoided, and exercises to be performed for a fast recovery.
You will follow up with your surgeon approximately one week after surgery. A rehabilitation program may be prescribed for a quick recovery. You can usually resume normal activities within a few days, according to your doctor’s recommendation.
Sports injuries can occur during sports or exercise activities. Sports injuries may result from accidents, inadequate training, improper use of protective devices, or insufficient stretching or warm-up exercises. The most common sports injuries are sprains, strains, fractures, dislocations and ligament injuries.
The usual treatments recommended for these injuries are rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE).
- Rest: Avoid activities that may exacerbate the pain and current injury.
- Ice: Ice packs can be applied to the injured areas. These will help to diminish swelling and pain. Ice should be applied over a towel to the affected area for 15-20 minutes, four times a day for several days. Never place ice directly on the skin.
- Compression: Compression of the injured area helps to reduce swelling. Elastic wraps, air casts, and splints can accomplish this.
- Elevation: Elevate the injured part above heart level to reduce swelling and pain.
Some measures to prevent sports-related injuries include:
- Following an exercise program to strengthen your muscles.
- Gradually increasing your exercise level and avoiding overdoing exercises.
- Ensuring that you wear properly fitting protective gear such as wrist guards, eye gear, facemasks, mouth guards, pads, comfortable clothes, and athletic shoes for playing any sports activity.
- Making sure that you do warm-up and cool-down exercises before and after sports activities. These exercises will help to stretch muscles, increase flexibility, and reduce soft-tissue injuries.
- Avoiding exercise immediately after eating a large meal.
- Maintaining a healthy diet.
- Avoiding play when you are injured or tired.
- Learning all the rules of the sports you play.
- Ensuring that you are physically able to play the sport.